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1881, Henry Murray - Unfit For Publication
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The Daily Telegraph, Tue 9 Aug 1881 1


(Before the Chief Justice.)

    The Attorney-General prosecuted on behalf of the Crown

    JURORS FINED Fined.—The following persons were fined 40s for non-attendance as jurors:—David Barnett, Darlinghurst-road; Hyam Abraham, Oxford-street; George Turner, Philip-street; Benjamin Simpson, Bridge-street; and Joseph Freshwater, Campbell-street.

    UNNATURAL OFFENCE.—Henry Murray pleaded not guilty to the above charge, [bestiality]. He was, however, found guilty by the jury, and was sentenced to nine months’ imprisonment wit hard labour. Ah Kui and Ah Sue were charged with attempting a similar offence. Messrs JH Want and Irving, instructed by Messrs Lowe and Cooke, appeared on behalf of the prisoners, who pleaded not guilty. The evidence was of a very contradictory nature. The jury returned verdict of not guilty, and the prisoners were acquitted.


To the Editor of the Sydney Daily Telegraph.

    Sir,—I must crave sufficient of your valuable space for another word or two on the above matter. The difference between yourself and the Good Templars on the subject of licensing reform does not appear to be very great after all, for so far as I can gather from your article on Saturday, the question at issue is not whether the principle of local option is in itself a sound one, but whether the people of the country are ready for the application of that principle to existing licenses. On this point you remark, quoting the words of a previous article, “Our contention is that public opinion is not yet educated up to the teetotal point of closing all public-houses in a given place,” and you further add, “Mr Clark does not dispute this.” But I might ask how is it possible to dispute it, unless the means are afforded for obtaining the necessary evidence. Anything that I could advance in opposition to the above opinion must necessarily be of the nature of an assumption, and the only way of proving the matter is by taking a vote of the people. What I want, and what the Good Templars are asking for is that provision be made in the Licensing Bill now before Parliament for putting public opinion to the test on the question. If the people are not ready to close all or any of the public-houses at present in existence, a local option law, even if it applied to them, could do no harm, while the fact that the people possessed power of closing the places would, in all probability, have a wholesome effect upon these publicans who are not over particular in regard to their mode of doing business. At any rate it would place responsibility for the existence of the traffic on the right shoulders. At present, while everybody admits the evil, no one seems disposed to take the blame. There is universal agreement that we have too many houses licensed for the sale of drink. Successive Governments, when interviewed, have deplored the prevalence of intemperance, and attributed it in a large measure to the unnecessary multiplication of public-houses in our midst, but have said that had the magistrates done their duty, much of the evil might have been prevented. On the other hand, the magistrates have told us that under the present law they are practically powerless, inasmuch as if the application for a license is refused one day, the probability is that it will be renewed with success on another and thus the system has been allowed to grow, and in spite of the protests of the residents, and the representations of the police, public-houses have been opened in all directions, and licenses have been granted to men who are a disgrace to the trade. How then, shall we remedy this state of things? Well, the Good Templars have propounded what they believe to be the most satisfactory solution of the difficulty. They would give the people themselves, who are immediately concerned in the question, a direct control over the whole traffic. If they wish for public-houses, let them have them; but these places ought not to be thrust on our unwilling community.

    In conclusion, permit me to say I had no intention of conveying the idea that your first article had been written in a spirit of hostility either to the Good Templars or to the object they have in view. Certainly there is no public journal in New South Wales which has been more emphatic in its condemnation of the abuses of the trade or more persistent in its demand for a radical reform of our liquor laws than the Sydney Daily Telegraph. I myself have frequently been permitted to discuss this and kindred subjects in your columns. And the fact that articles or extracts from your journal have on several occasions been reprinted in the New South Wales Good Templar, the official organ of the order, is in itself an evidence that it is not looked upon by the great body of Templars as an enemy either to them or the cause.

I am, yours, &c,


    Upper Fort-street, August 8.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The Sydney Morning Herald, Tue 9 Aug 1881 2


    The August sittings of the Central Criminal Court were commenced this morning, at the Courthouse, Darlinghurst, before his Honor the Chief Justice. The Attorney-General and Mr Pitcairn prosecuted for the Crown.


    The following jurors were fined 40s each for not answering to their names when called upon:—David Barnett, Hyam Abraham, George Turner, Benjamin Simpson, and Joseph Freshwater.


    Henry Murray was charged with having committed an unnatural offence. He pleaded not guilty, and was defended by Mr Harris. The jury found the prisoner guilty, and he was sentenced to nine months’ hard labour.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Henry Murray, Gaol photo sheet 3 

SRNSW: NRS2138, [3/6044] , Darlinghurst Gaol photographic description book, 1881-1883, No. 2488, p. 11, R5100.


Gaol Photo Sheet - Transcribed Details

No. 2488

Date when Portrait taken: 1st June 1881

Name: Patrick Henry Murray

Native place: France

Year of birth: 1848

Arrived        Ship: Parramatta
in Colony }   Year: 

Trade or occupation
previous to conviction  } Seaman

Religion: R. C.

Education, degree of: R&W

Colour of hair: Brown

Colour of eyes: Blue

Height: 5' 7"

Weight     On committal: 135
in lbs     }  On discharge:  

Marks or Special Features: Female Bust Rose & wreath on Breast, Bust of woman on left arm. Musketeer 2 Hearts Wreath and cross Daggers on forearm. Queen Victoria on Wrist 1st finger gone Bust of woman right arm. Wreath Shamrock Rose & flowerpot on forearm

Where and when tried: Supreme Criminal Court
8 August 1881

Offence: Attempt to commit an unnatural offence

Sentence: 9 months HL

Remarks: Sentence expired 6 May 1882


 (No. of Previous Portrait ... ) 


Where and When Offence. Sentence
















7 days C.

4 days C.

2 days C.


1  The Daily Telegraph, Tue 9 Aug 1881, p. 3.

2  The Sydney Morning Herald, Tue 9 Aug 1881, p. 7.

3  SRNSW: NRS2138, [3/6044], Darlinghurst Gaol photographic description book, 1881-1883, No. 2488, p. 11, R5100.