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1899, John Donovan - Unfit For Publication
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John Donovan and Joseph Donovan, 1896

Below also see: John Donovan, 1899


Evening News, Tue 6 Oct 1896
1

PARRAMATTA POLICE COURT.
————
EIGHT-HOUR DAY DELINQUENTS.
————

    At the Parramatta Police Court this morning, before Messrs J Withers and R Harper, JsP,

    John Donovan and Jas Donovan, 10s or three days for riotous conduct;

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers’ Advocate, Sat 10 Oct 1896 2

PARRAMATTA POLICE COURT.
————
Tuesday, October 6.
(Before Messrs JW Withers and R Harper,
JsP.)


    John Donovan and Joseph Donovan, for riotous conduct at Rosehill, were fined 10s or 3 days’ gaol each.

 


 

John Donovan, 1899

 

The Daily Telegraph, Wed 23 Aug 1899 3

POLICE COURTS.


    John Donovan (22), dealer, charged before Mr [Francis Sheriff] Isaacs, SM., at the Redfern Court, yesterday, with committing a serious offence at Redfern, on or about May last, was committed for trial at the next Court of Gaol Delivery; bail in £400 allowed.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The Sydney Morning Herald, Wed 23 Aug 1899 4

POLICE COURTS.
———◦———


    A Serious Charge.– At the Redfern Police Court yesterday, before Mr Isaacs, SM., Senior Constables Wilson and Banner proceeded against John Donovan, aged 22, on a charge of having, at Waterloo, on or about the 20th May last, committed an assault upon a boy nine years of age. The accused was committed to take his trial at the next sittings of the Central Criminal Court at Darlinghurst. The magistrate at first refused bail, but subsequently admitted the accused to bail upon his finding sureties, self in £200 and one in £200, or two in £100 each.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Depositions for John Donovan c. 27 Sep 1899 Sydney trial 5

 


(a) Town.


Letter from Bench of Magistrates at (a) Redfern

 

transmitting Depositions

(b) Name in full of accused.

in the case Regina v. (b) John Donovan

(c) Offence.

(c) Attempted buggery

 

(d) Town.

Police Office, (d) North Sydney

 

6th July 1899  

 

Sir,

 

I have the honor, by direction of the Bench of Magistrates,

 

to transmit herewith the Depositions, and other documents in the

(e) Name of accused

case of (e) George Anselme and George Cook

(f) “His” or “her”

who has been committed to take (f) their

(g) “Circuit Court,” or 
“Quarter Sessions.”

trial at the (g) Circuit [sic] Court

to be held at (h) Darlinghurst

on Monday

(h) Town where Court 
to be held.

the 25th day of September 1899

The accused is (i) confined in the Gaol at Sydney

(i) “Is confined in the 
Gaol at …,” or “has been admitted to bail” (with full particulars as to sureties, addresses, occupations, and amounts, as set out in Recognizance.)

(k) As in Recognizance, both for Crown and defence, specifying also what witnesses gave evidence but were not bound over, with reason for omission.

The Witnesses bound over are (k) Jonathan Wilson a Senior Constable of Police. Jacob Roy of 51 Pitt Street Waterloo, labourer: Jacob Roy has been bound over for the appearance of Charles Roy and steps are being taken to have the remaining witnesses bound over

 

(l) Short description to enable identification.

The Exhibits enclosed are (l) is warrant to apprehend accused – Marked “A”

 

I have the honor to be,
Sir,
Your obedient Servant,

 

 

 

[Signed] W[ilson] Carson

 

Clerk of Petty Sessions 

The Secretary,

Attorney General's Department.

N.B.– When a Police Constable acts as Clerk of Petty Sessions, this letter should be signed by one of the Committing Magistrates

4g 201-90

 

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

NEW SOUTH WALES POLICE.

Redfern Station.
18th September 1899.

Metropolitan District,

Report relative to antecedents of:–
Name: John Donovan
Offence: sodomy
Committed for trial at: Court of Gaol Delivery
Date: 25th September 1899

    Senior Constable Jonathan Wilson for the information of the Superintendent.
    That this offender was committed for trial at the above Court by the Redfern Bench on the 22nd of August, ultimo.
    Following is his previous convictions
    Redfern Police Court 4th April 1893. Drunk and disorderly Ten shillings or 3 days gaol. Parramatta Police Court 6th October 1896 Riotous behaviour Ten shillings or 3 days gaol.

Redfern Police Court 22nd September 1898 Drunk and disorderly Ten shillings or 2 days gaol.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

[Subpoena]

Victoria, by the Grace of God, of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland,
Queen, Defender of the Faith, &c.

New South Wales
TO WIT.                 }

To:  George Henry Taylor
      Robert Thomas Paton, Esquire
      Harold Skipton Stacey

Government Medical Officers of Sydney Hospital, Medical Practitioner

    Greetings:–
We command you and every of you, firmly enjoining you, that laying aside all pretences and excuses whatsoever, you and every of you be and appear in your proper persons, before Our Justices assigned to hold Pleas before Us, on Monday the twenty fifth day of September instant next, by Nine of the Clock in the forenoon of the same day, at the Supreme Court in our Colony of New South Wales, in the Court House, situate in Darlinghurst, Sydney there to testify the truth, and give evidence, on the part of the Prisoner, before Our said Justices, touching a certain information to be preferred against

John Donovan

in the case of Sodomy
and that you so appear, from day to day, until the case is tried; and this you, or any, or either of you, are not to omit, under the penalty of One Hundred Pounds, to be levied upon your and every of your Goods and Chattels, Lands and Tenements, if you, or any, or either of you shall fail in the premises.

    Witness the Honorable Sir Frederick Darley, Knight Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, Our Chief Justice of Our supreme Court of New South Wales, at Sydney, the sixth day of September in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety nine.

For the Prothonotary 
(Signed) J Murphy
Clerk of the Supreme Court.

George Colquhoun, Crown Solicitor.

1

(M., 11 and 12 Vict., Cap. 42.)

Depositions of Witnesses.

New South Wales,
TO WIT.                  }

The examination of Jonathan Wilson, of Redfern in the Colony of New South Wales, Senior Constable of Police: Charles Roy, of Benevolent Asylum Sydney, School boy: Jacob Roy, 51 Pitt Street Waterloo, labourer: George Henry Taylor, of Sydney, Second Government Medical Officer: Robert Thompson Paton, of Sydney, Government Medical Officer and Harold Skipton Stacey of Sydney Hospital in the said Colony, Resident Medical Officer taken on oath this 22nd day of August in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety nine at Redfern in the Colony aforesaid, before the undersigned, one of Her Majesty’s Justices of the Peace for the said Colony, in the presence and hearing of John Donovan who is charged this day before me for that he, the said John Donovan on or about the 20th day of May 1899 at Waterloo, in the said Colony, did assault Charles Roy, and then wickedly and against the order of nature, carnally knew the said Charles Roy, and did commit with the said Charles Roy, the abominable crime of buggery.

2

This deponent Jonathan Wilson on his oath states as follows:–

    I am a Senior Constable of Police stationed at Redfern. About 20 minutes past 3 on the afternoon of the 15th instant, I in company with Constable Bannan arrested the accused at 71 Cooper Street, Waterloo. He was under a bed. I said “Come out Donovan, I want you.” He said “What for?” I said “For assaulting a boy named Charles Roy with the intent to commit an unnatural offence on him.” I arrested him by the virtue of the warrant 6 produced, brought him to the Redfern Station and there charged him in terms of the warrant. He made no reply. I never confronted him with the boy.

    Accused has no questions to ask.

[Signed] J Wilson.

Taken and sworn at Redfern, this 22nd day of August 1899 before me.
[Signed] FS Isaacs SM.

3

Charles Roy states as follows:–

    I am nine years old. I remember going to the Sydney Hospital. Before I went I lived with Donovan’s, at 71 Cooper Street, Waterloo. There was Mr Donovan and Mrs Donovan and Jack and Joe. Jack Donovan is the man here (accused). I slept in the front room, by myself. There are 2 rooms at the front and 2 at the back and a kitchen. I used to sleep in the front room, in a bed. Accused slept in the back room and Joe too. Accused used to come into my room, when I was in bed; 3 or 4 times. The first time he didn’t say anything. It was night time. He got into bed with me, he was undressed, he put his “Tommy” up my “bum”. It was about 3 weeks before I went to the hospital. The next time he came in he didn’t say anything. It was 2 or 3 days after. He did the same thing again. He did the same thing in the closet once. He didn’t say anything. He undid my trousers, undid my trousers [sic] and took them down. I wasn’t sitting on the seat when he came in. The day I went to the Sydney Hospital, accused told me not to tell anything. He said “Don’t tell anything or I’ll not bring you back anything from Nickabooballi”. This was in his room.

4

I didn’t say anything. I didn’t tell. I told some lies about it. The morning I went to the hospital accused looked at my behind, he took off my trousers and looked at me, and said I had been sitting on stone. I was sick then, in my behind.
Accused has no questions to ask.

[Signed] Charles (his X mark) Roy.

Taken and sworn at Redfern, this 22nd day of August 1899 before me.
[Signed] FS Isaacs SM.

5

This deponent Jacob Roy on his oath states as follows:–

    I am a labourer and live at 51 Pitt Street, Waterloo. The last witness is my step-son, and is nine years old. I remember him going to the Sydney Hospital on the 5th or 6th of June last. Before that he lived at Donovan’s in Cooper Street. Accused lived there too.

    Accused has no questions to ask.

    To Bench: I know nothing about it. I don’t know how the boy came to be taken to the hospital. He goes by his name.

[Signed] Jacob (his X mark) Roy.

Taken and sworn at Redfern, this 22nd day of August 1899 before me.
[Signed] FS Isaacs SM.

6

This deponent George Henry Taylor on his oath states as follows:–

    I am a legally qualified Medical Practitioner and 2nd Government Medical Officer. I saw the accused on the 12th of May last. He came to the hospital depot with his mother. He complained that he was suffering from venereal disease. As there was no room then at the Coast Hospital I told him to re-apply. He did so on the 15th of May last. There was still no room at the hospital. He did not apply again. I do not know if he got any order of admission to any hospital. I did not examine accused carefully. I put him down as suffering from gonorrhea. I say the accused several days ago in gaol. He had then a healed chancre on his penis. That in my opinion is a result of the condition he was in on the 12th and 15th of May last.

    Accused has no questions to ask.

[Signed] GH Taylor.

Taken and sworn at Redfern, this 22nd day of August 1899 before me.
[Signed] FS Isaacs SM.

7

This deponent Robert Thomson Paton on his oath states as follows:–

    I am a legally qualified Medical Practitioner and Government Medical Officer for Sydney. On June 5th last at the hospital admission depot, the boy Charles Roy now in court was examined by me. He had been brought there by a woman. I found that his anus was gaping, and surrounded by venereal growth. From something the woman who accompanied him told me I sent for a Constable; to the Water Police Court and had the boy taken to the Sydney Hospital, for treatment. In my opinion the act of sodomy had been committed on the boy. When I questioned the boy at the time he denied it. I saw accused lately in gaol; he consulted me there. I found he had a healed chancre on his glans penis. It was of some standing.

    Accused has no questions to ask.

[Signed] RT Paton.

Taken and sworn at Redfern, this 22nd day of August 1899 before me.
[Signed] FS Isaacs SM.

8

This deponent Harold Skipton Stacey on his oath states as follows:–

    I am a legally qualified Medical Practitioner and resident Medical Officer at the Sydney Hospital. The boy Charles Roy now in court, was admitted to the hospital on the 6th of June last. I attended him while in the institution. I treated him for venereal disease. I found venereal growths surrounding his anus. His anus was “gaping”. In my opinion sodomy had been committed on the boy. The boy was discharged on the 23rd of June last. The growth had then disappeared. I don’t know the accused.

    Accused has no questions to ask.

[Signed] HS Stacey.

Taken and sworn at Redfern, this 22nd day of August 1899 before me.
[Signed] FS Isaacs SM.

9

(N., 11 & 12 Vic., Cap. 42.)

Statement of the Accused.

New South Wales, Redfern
TO WIT                                 }

John Donovan stands charged before the undersigned, one of Her Majesty’s Justices of the Peace in and for the Colony aforesaid this 22nd day of August in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety nine for that he, the said John Donovan on or about the 20th day of May 1899 at Waterloo, in the said Colony, did assault Charles Roy, and then wickedly and against the order of nature, carnally knew the said Charles Roy and did commit with the said Charles Roy the abominable crime of buggery and the examination of all the witnesses on the part of the prosecution having been completed, and the depositions taken against the accused having been caused to be read to him by me, the said Justice, (by/or) before whom such examination has been so completed; and I, the said Justice, having also stated to the accused and given him clearly to understand that he has nothing to hope from any promise of favour, and nothing to fear from any threat which may have been holden out to him to induce him to make any admission or confession of his guilt, but that whatever he shall say may be given in evidence against him upon his trial, notwithstanding such promise or threat; and the said charge being read to the said John Donovan, and the witnesses for the prosecution Jonathan Wilson, Charles Roy, Jacob Roy, George Henry Taylor, Robert Thompson Paton, and, Harold Skipton Stacey, being severally examined in his presence the said John Donovan is now addressed by me as follows:– “Having heard the evidence, do you wish to say anything in answer to the charge? You are not obliged to say anything unless you desire to do so; but whatever you say will be taken down in writing and may be given in evidence against you upon your trial;” whereupon the said John Donovan saith as follows:– “No, Sir.”

Taken before me, at Redfern, in the said Colony, the day and year first above mentioned.
[Signed] FS Isaacs SM.

10

John Donovan, 1899. SRNSW: NRS2138, [3/6064], Photo: SRNSW
John Donovan, 1899. SRNSW:
NRS2138, [3/6064], Photo: SRNSW

G. 190.

REGINA.
versus
Donovan

Offence,— Buggery
    The accused stands committed to take his trial at the next Court of Gaol Delivery to be holden at Sydney, on the 25th day of September1899. Bail allowed the accused in £200 and two sureties in £100 each, or one in £200.
[Signed] FS Isaacs, SM    JP.

Dated at the Police
Office, Redfern
this 22nd
day of August
AD 1899
4g 416 - 88

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Information – (General Purposes.)

No. 115

New South Wales,
To Wit.                    }

46 Vic No. 17 Sec 60

Be it remembered, that on this 12th day of June in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety nine at Redfern in the Colony of New South Wales, John Garland a Sub-Inspector of the Police Force of New South Wales appears before me, the undersigned, one of Her Majesty’s (?) duly assigned to keep the Peace of Our Lady the Queen in and for the Colony of New South Wales, and from information he has received and clearly believes to be true on oath informs me, that on or about the 20th day of May in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety nine at the Metropolitan Police District in the said Colony, one John Donovan did assault Charles Roy with intent, wickedly, and against the order of nature, to commit the abominable crime of buggery with the said Charles Roy. Contrary to the Act in such case made and provided; whereupon the said John Garland prays that I, the said Justice, will proceed in the premises according to law.

[Signed] J Garland.

Sworn at Redfern in the said Colony, on the day first above written, before me.
[Signed] W Carson JP.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

(B.)

Warrant to Apprehend a Person Charged with an Indictable Offence.

To the Superintendent and, a Constable in the Police Force for the Colony of New South Wales, and to all other Constables in said Force.
Whereas John Donovan hath this day been charged upon oath before the undersigned, one of Her Majesty’s Justices of the Peace in and for the said Colony of New South Wales, for that he, on or about the twentieth day of May 1899 at the Metropolitan Police District, in the said Colony, did assault Charles Roy with intent, wickedly, and against the order of nature to commit the abominable crime of buggery with the said Charles Roy.
These are therefore to command you, in Her Majesty’s name, forthwith to apprehend the said John Donovan, and to being him before me or some other of Her Majesty’s Justices of the Peace in and for the said Colony, to answer unto the said charge and to be further dealt with according to law.

    Given under my hand and seal, this 12th day of June, in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety nine, at Redfern in the Colony aforesaid.
[Signed] W Carson JP.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

[On the reverse of the above Warrant is the following]

Exhibit “A” Regina versus Donovan, buggery
[Signed] Alfred Parkes, Deposition Clerk
About 22 years of age, 5' 5" or 6" high, medium build, sallow complexion, brown hair, clear shaved, dressed in dark clothes, and soft black hat. Dirty appearance a bag dealer parents at 71 Cooper Street, Waterloo.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

John Donovan, 22

    Assault Charles Roy with intent to commit upon him the abominable crime of buggery.
    On application of Police remanded till Tuesday next. Bail not applied for.

[Signed] J[ames] Mair SM.
Redfern 16-8-99.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

(O. 1, 11 & 12 Vic., Cap. 42.)

Recognizance to give Evidence.

New South Wales, Redfern
To Wit.                                 }

Be it remembered, that on the 22nd day of August in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety nine Jonathan Wilson a Senior Constable of the Police Force, Jacob Roy of 51 Pitt Street, Waterloo in the Colony of New South Wales, labourer personally came before the undersigned, one of Her Majesty’s Justices of the Peace for the Colony of New South Wales, and acknowledged themselves to owe Our Sovereign Lady the Queen the sum of

FORTY POUNDS EACH,

of good and lawful money of Great Britain, to be made and levied on their Goods and Chattels, Lands and Tenements, to the use of our said Lady the Queen, her Heirs and Successors, if they the said before mentioned persons shall fail in the condition indorsed.

[Signed] J Wilson, Jacob (his X mark) Roy.

Taken and acknowledged, the day and year first above mentioned, at Redfern in the said Colony, before me.
[Signed] W Carson JP.

The condition of the within written Recognizance is such, that whereas John Donovan was this day charged before FS Isaacs Esquire, one of Her Majesty’s Justices of the Peace for the said Colony, with committing the abominable crime of buggery.

If therefore, they the before mentioned persons shall appear at the next Court of Gaol Delivery to be holden at Darlinghurst in and for the Colony of New South Wales, on the 25th day of September next, at nine of the clock in the forenoon, and then and there give such evidence as they know, upon an information to be then and there preferred against the said John Donovan for the offence aforesaid, to the jurors who shall pass upon the trial of the said John Donovan.

Then the said Recognizance to be void, or else to stand in full force and virtue.
[Signed] W Carson JP.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

(O. 1, 11 & 12 Vic., Cap. 42.)

Recognizance to give Evidence.

New South Wales, Redfern
TO WIT                            }

Be it remembered, that on the 26nd day of August in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety nine Jacob Roy of 57 Pitt Street, Waterloo in the Colony of New South Wales, personally came before the undersigned, one of Her Majesty’s Justices of the Peace for the Colony of New South Wales, and acknowledged himself to owe Our Sovereign Lady the Queen the sum of

FORTY POUNDS

of good and lawful money of Great Britain, to be made and levied on their Goods and Chattels, Lands and Tenements, to the use of our said Lady the Queen, her Heirs and Successors, if Charles Roy shall fail in the condition indorsed.

[Signed] Jacob (his X mark) Roy.

Taken and acknowledged, the day and year first above mentioned, at Redfern in the said Colony, before me.
[Signed] W Carson JP.

The condition of the within written Recognizance is such, that whereas John Donovan was this day charged before FS Isaacs Esquire one of Her Majesty’s Justices of the Peace for the said Colony, with committing the abominable crime of buggery.
If therefore, Charles Roy shall appear at the next Court of Gaol Delivery to be holden at Darlinghurst in and for the Colony of New South Wales, on the 25th day of September next at nine of the clock in the forenoon, and then and there give such evidence as he knows, upon an information to be then and there preferred against the said John Donovan for the offence aforesaid, to the jurors who shall pass upon the trial of the said John Donovan.

Then the said Recognizance to be void, or else to stand in full force and virtue.
[Signed] W Carson JP.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

[On the depositions’ cover sheet is the following]

Central Criminal Court,
Sydney.
25 September 1899
AG’s No. 203
Depositions.
CS’s No. 2
Regina
v.
John Donovan
Sodomy
Committed at: Redfern Police Office
on: 22nd August 1899

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

At Sydney – Buggery
3 counts May 17, 19, 20 /99
[Initialled] C[harles] G[regory] W[ade, Crown Prosecutor]
24/8/99
[Initialled] G[eorge] H[oustoun] R[eid QC] AG
31 [8/99]
Dr Paton and Dr Taylor not bound over; should be subpoenaed – 6.9.99

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The Daily Telegraph, Thu 28 Sep 1899 7

CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT.
(Before Mr Justice Simpson)

    Crown Prosecutor Mr CG Wade.

CHARGE OF ASSAULT.

    John Donovan, a youth, was arraigned on an indictment charging him with a serious assault. The assault was alleged to have been committed on May 17. The prisoner was found guilty on a second count in the indictment, and sentenced to be imprisoned for two years and five months.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The Daily Telegraph, Fri 29 Sep 1899 8

CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT.
(Before Mr Justice GB Simpson) 9

    Crown Prosecutor: Mr CG Wade.

A SENTENCE ALTERED.

    John Donovan, the youth who was yesterday sentenced to penal servitude for two years and five months on a charge of assault, was again called up, and his sentence was altered to 23 months’ imprisonment.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Evening News, Fri 29 Sep 1899 10

AN ASSAULT CASE.
————

    John Donovan, a young man who had been convicted at the Central Criminal Court of having committed a serious assault, with intent, and who was sentenced by his Honor Mr Justice GB Simpson to two years and five months, was again brought before the court yesterday. His Honor pointed out that the penalty, except under a certain circumstance,, was either imprisonment for two years or penal servitude for three years, which latter he had in his mind at the time of passing the sentence. If he gave the prisoner three years’ penal servitude, he would have to serve nine months in solitary confinement, which, in view of what had been said of the prisoner’s state of mind, he would not do. It was in his power—and indeed he had seriously thought of it—to order him a whipping, a thing he never yet done. But under the circumstances , he would impose a sentence of twenty-three months’ hard labor in Darlinghurst Gaol, thereby giving him the benefit of the time he had already in gaol.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The Sydney Morning Herald, Fri 29 Sep 1899 11

CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT.
(Before Mr Justice Simpson and a jury.)

    Mr CG Wade was Crown Prosecutor.

ASSAULT.

    John Donovan, a youth, was charged with an assault. Mr Nelly appeared for the accused. Prisoner was found guilty, and was sentenced to imprisonment with hard labour for one year and 11 months.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~


John Donovan, Gaol photo sheet 12

SRNSW: NRS2138, [3/6064], Darlinghurst Gaol photographic description book, 1899-1900, No.7840, p. 168, R5108.


Gaol Photo Sheet - 
Transcribed Details

No. 7840

Date when Portrait was taken: 28-9-1899

Name: John Donovan

Native place: BC Waterloo

Year of birth: 1877

Arrived       Ship: –
in Colony }   Year: –

Trade or occupation
previous to conviction      } Dealer

Religion: R & C

Education, degree of: Nil

Height: 5' 2½"

Weight     On committal: 132
in lbs     } On discharge:

Colour of hair: Brown

Colour of eyes: Brown


Marks or special features: Scar on inside right little finger – inside top joint – on left third finger, and on bridge of nose. Eyes weak

(No. of previous Portrait ... ) 

PREVIOUS CONVICTIONS

Where and When Offence. Sentence

Redfern PC

Parramatta PC

Redfern PC

Sydney GD 

  4

10

22

27

  4

10

  9

  9

1893

1896

1898

1889

Drunk & Disorderly

Riotous

Drunk & Disorderly

Assault with intend to commit sodomy

10/- or 3 days C

10/- or 3 days C

10/- or 3 days C

1 year + 11 months HL

 


1     Evening News, (Sydney, NSW), Tue 6 Oct 1896, p. 6.

2     The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers’ Advocate (Parramatta), Sat 10 Oct 1896, p. 7. Emphasis added.

3     The Daily Telegraph, Wed 23 Aug 1899, p. 10.

4     The Sydney Morning Herald, Wed 23 Aug 1899, p. 11.

5     SRNSW: NRS880, [9/6978], Supreme Court, Papers and depositions, Sydney, Sep 1899, No. 203. Emphasis added.

6     Mn: Exhibit “A”

7     The Daily Telegraph, Thu 28 Sep 1899, p. 3.

8     The Daily Telegraph, Fri 29 Sep 1899, p. 3.

9     Justice GB Simpson’s notes could not be located at SRNSW.

10   Evening News, (Sydney, NSW), Fri 29 Sep 1899, p. 3.

11   The Sydney Morning Herald, Fri 29 Sep 1899, p. 3.

12   SRNSW: NRS2138, [3/6064], Darlinghurst Gaol photographic description book, 1899-1900, No.7840, p. 168, R5108.